Technological history is not retroactive
In past experiences of industrialization related to technological innovation, countries that have started up later have not always done so in a subordinate position or conditioned by the forms used by the first ones. When the time came, they were able to make improvements in precursor technologies that, whether or not they substantially modified their principles, allowed them to be used more efficiently. This is due to efforts to adapt technological availability to the specific circumstances of the new times or spaces in which new industrializing experiences are to be implemented. In some cases, these adaptive efforts may lead to additional technological innovations; this has happened with high-speed rail technology in Spain.
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